Category: Essay Topics

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Topics for Cause and Effect Essay

Here is the list of 55 of the most interesting topics for cause and effect essay. When writing a cause and effect essay, you may choose to consider only causes, only effects, or both (which is less common though). Remember to demonstrate what you have chosen to consider in a thesis statement. For example, 

  • If you consider the causes of pollution, your thesis statement will be: Air pollution is caused by (1st cause), (2nd cause) and (3rd cause).
  • If you consider the effects of pollution, your thesis statement will be: Because of pollution, (1st effect, e.g. on people), (2nd effect, e.g. on animals…), and (3rd effect, e.g. on fauna…).       
  • If you consider both the causes and the effects of pollution, your thesis statement will be: Pollution, which is caused by (1st cause), (2nd cause) promote (or) are responsible for (1st effect) and (2nd effect) or (1st effect) and (2nd effect) are due to pollution, which is caused by (1st cause) and (2nd cause). 
Family life

1. What is the effects of secure attachment on the development of a child? Do these effects last into adulthood?

2. What are the effects of taking a longer maternity leave? (It is interesting to look at both effects on the career of a mother and family income and effects on the development of a child)

3. What are the causes of parent-child conflict?

4. The causes and effects of domestic violence (on the victim, on children).

5. What causes a current crisis in the reproductive health?

6. The causes and effects of infidelity in relationships.  

7. The effects of divorce (On the divorced and the society or on the children of divorce – both subtopics are broad enough, so it is better not to cover them both unless the essay is long).

8. The effects of single parenthood (on a child, on a single parent, on a country).

9. The causes and effects of family estrangement.

Psychology and Health

10. How does traveling the world affect life and personality?

11. How does abortion affect reproductive and mental health of a woman?

12. The effects of pornography on individuals and society (You may also consider the effects on men, which have been the focus of many recent researches and discussions too)

13. What are the effects of the internet on reading and thinking? Review of the credible sources on the topic.  

14. The effects of viewing violent media or playing violent video games.

15. How does the notion of free will affect the society? Review of the credible sources on the topic.  

16. The causes and effects of having a poor body image (You may focus on girls and women).

17. The effects of ageism. The effects of surviving a trauma.

18. The effects of stress (on brain, on students, on medical workers, etc.).

Education

19. What are the effects of taking a gap in or before the college or university?

20. The effects of homeschooling.

21. Why do so many students drop out of college?

22. How does the use of technology in the classroom affect learning?

23. The short-term and long-term effects of bullying. The effects of cyber bullying.

24. The causes and effects of restriction of free speech on campus. The review of credible sources on the topic.

25. The causes and effects of high tuition fees.  

Society

26. The effects of growing up in poverty.

27. The effects of early sexual initiation.

28. The effects of exposure to prison culture.

29. The causes and effects of high unemployment rates.

30. The effects on social media (on individuals, on society, on business).

31. Positive and negative effects of e-commerce.

32. Why do people leave their home countries? What are the effects of migration on immigrants and home countries?  

33. How do immigrants affect the destination country’s economy and culture? (It is better to consider the actual country, e.g. the USA)

34. The causes and effects of terrorist attacks.

35. The causes and effects of mass surveillance (Tell how states, primarily, the US, justify this; how it affects privacy, personal security, crime prevention and investigation, etc., what possible consequences there can be).  

36. The causes and effects of racial discrimination.

37. The effects of legalizing (1) same-sex marriages, (2) euthanasia, (3) marijuana, (4) abortion, (5) genetic engineering research, etc. (Discuss what possible effects experts predict, what effects have been observed in countries that have already adopted a similar policy, what the effects of not adopting a policy are)

38. The causes and effects of increasing the normal retirement age? (Consider the effects on economy, healthcare, personal well-being of older people)

39. The effects of creating inclusive workplaces.

40. The causes and effects of low and high civic engagement on the society.  

41. The effects of rapid technological progress on the society.

Environment

42. The causes and effects of pollution.

43. The effects of the overpopulation on the planet. Review of credible sources on the topic.

44. The causes and effects of global warming.

45. The causes and effects of deforestation.

46. The causes and effects of the extinction of species.

47. What is the effect of the consumption of meat on the environment? (The documentary Cowspiracy will be the number one source for an essay)

Significant Historical/Economic Processes

You can choose any historical event or movement you are interested in and discuss why it happened and what consequences it had. Considering the wealth of topics, which can be coined this way, I give just a few examples here.

48. The effects of colonialism on the colonized nations.

49. The causes and effects of slavery (in the US, in the UK).  

50. The causes and effects of the oppression of Jews by Nazi.

51. What is the effect of 911 on the perception of terrorism and national security strategies?

52. The causes and effects of Japan’s economic miracle.

53. The causes and effects of China’s economic growth.

54. The causes and effects of globalization.

55. The causes and effects of global economic crisis of 2008.

56. The causes and effects of current sanctions against Russia.

The words “effect” and “cause” should not necessarily be mentioned in the title of your essay, but they should be implied. If the title may be paraphrased so that you use these words, it is ok for a cause and effect essay topic. For example, Why does parent-child conflict happen? = What are the causes of parent-child conflict?

If your professor encourages you to have a creative original title, do not concentrate on how to show that it is a cause and effect essay in the title – it is enough to show it through the content and structure of your essay, your thesis statement, and your conclusion. For example, the title More Terrorism or More Terror? may work great for a cause and effect essay on the topic What is the effect of 911 on the perception of terrorism and national security strategies? If you want to make an original title based on one of the suggested topics for cause and effect essay, don’t hesitate to ask.       

Essay Topics on Education

Here are some great essay topics on education to read and write about.

Essay topics on the organization of educational process

1. Can online education be compatible with a traditional one?

2. Is homeschooling compatible with/better than traditional schooling?

3. Should parents have an active role in education of their children?

4. Does the use of computer/technology benefit the educational process?

5. Should students be allowed to use computers and tablets in classes?

6. Should video games be used in education?

7. Should students be required to wear a uniform?

8. Are single-sex classes better than mixed ones?

9. Does the class size affect the effectiveness of a teacher?

10. Should students’ knowledge be assessed with the help of exams and tests?

11. Should students be sent to the next grade even if they have not passed the current one?

12. Should students get more or less homework than they currently do?

13. Should grades exist?

14. Is higher education worth its value?

Essay topics on the content of education

15. Should a foreign language be a compulsory subject at school?

16. Should students be taught typing instead of writing?

17. Should the language of coding be a compulsory subject?

18. Should there be parenting classes at school or university?

19. Should physical education be a compulsory subject?

20. Should students have sex education classes?

21. Should students be taught personal lives of the prominent people of the past or their accomplishments only? (Alternatively, Should teachers silence negative traits, deeds, or habits of national heroes?)

Essay topics on state policy in relation to education

22. Should there be a compulsory education funded by the state?

23. Should higher education be funded by the state?

24. Should athletic scholarships exist?

25. Should homeschooling be controlled by the state?

26. Should teachers’ proficiency be regularly tested?

27. Should schools be accountable for poor achievements of students?

28. Should the state better invest in small classes or bonuses for the teachers working in large ones?

29. Should school menus be regulated?

Essay topics on school laws and policies

30. Should students’ free speech be restricted on campus? Review of credible sources on the topic.

31. Should there be any regulation of cyber bullying?

32. Should guns be allowed at schools/on campus?

33. Should teachers or security personnel be armed?

34. Should schools be allowed to test students on drugs?

35. Should attendance/in-class performance record affect the course grade?

36. Should schools regulate what students bring for their lunches?

37. Should beauty contests be allowed at school?

38. Should public prayers or discussions of religion be banned at school?

Tips

Essay topics on education are the best choice in case you have to write an essay containing examples from your own experience or personal stories.

You may choose to write on the issue you have already formed an opinion about. This way, the essay will help you demonstrate your views on education policies or practices and make a stand for or against them.

However, do not skip the issues you have never thought of. When choosing a topic, consider not what you consider easy to write about, but what will be interesting to read about. Choosing an “easy” topic may turn out to be a wrong track as you may have difficulties finding credible sources to support your views.

Controversial Medical Topics for an Essay

Consider some great controversial medical topics to read and write about. They are meant for the general public, not for medical students only.

Essay topics on healthcare issues

1. Is there a link between the poverty and poor health? (How does poverty contributes to poor health?)

2. Is cost of the healthcare in the United States justified?

3. What drives the cost of healthcare in the United States? (Be informed that the state spends on healthcare much more than European countries but covers the smallest percentage of healthcare costs).

4.  Should there be an opt-in or opt-out donor system? Review of credible sources on the topic.

5. Should the state provide free health care to homeless people?

6. Should people be encouraged to turn to homeopathy first?

7. Should unconventional forms of medicine be part of a national healthcare?

8. Should uninsured people be provided any medical care?

9. Should there be criminal responsibility for medical errors?

10. Should doctors be allowed to promote particular medical products?

11. Should hospitals provide a translator when curing the minorities?        

Essay topics on policies that can affect healthcare practices

12. Should euthanasia be illegal?

13. Should abortion be legal? (Better read but not write about this topic, many professors ask to avoid it as too overused)

14. Should surrogate pregnancy be used on demand or only for health reasons?

15. Is vomb transplantation a good alternative to surrogate pregnancy?

16. Should people with mental health issues be treated in or outside of the community?

17. Should children vaccination be mandatory?

18. Should people be refused organ transplantation for leading an unhealthy lifestyle? Review of credible sources on the topic.

19. Should the organ transplantation committee consider patient’s personal details (marital status, children, accomplishments, personal qualities) when choosing what person will receive an organ? Review of credible sources on the topic.

20. Should doctors be required to report the cases of organ trafficking (when a person has a needed organ though he did not get it being on the national list)? Review of credible sources on the topic.

21. Should a doctor be able to provide medical care to a minor despite their parent’s wishes?        

Essay topics on policies and practices that affect health of the nation

22. Should marijuana/drugs be legalized?

23. Are TV shows concerned with diets and losing weight a good idea? (Do shows humiliating people for their unhealthy choices motivate and inspire others or promote body issues ideals and develop prejudice?)

24. Do TV shows portraying cosmetic surgery make people more inclined to refer to it? If yes, should they be banned?

25. Should TV commercials for alcohol be banned?

26. Should TV commercials/ads of McDonald’s/fast food chains be banned?

27. Should there be a state regulation of fast food chains?

28. How should the issue of obesity be treated: as a personal problem or as a public concern? (Should obese people be entitled to better healthcare coverage or additional days off?)

29. Can exercising worsen health?

30. Should teens be able to obtain birth control pills?

31. Who should decide whether to place an elderly in the elderly center: an elderly person himself/herself, children, healthcare specialist?

32. Should the state refuse to import the products, which were manufactured/obtained at the cost of someone’s health? (Consider pollution in China, child labor, etc.)

33. Should the state do more or less to make people lead a healthy life style? Consider if such interference into the personal lives is justified or no. Try to think about all the state does and can do, e.g. ban smoking and drinking under certain age or in certain areas, ban advertisements and censor films promoting unhealthy life style or unhealthy body image standards, establish more recreation zones easily accessible and attractive to people, educate people on the effects of the unhealthy life style, … or instead invest the money in the economy as higher economic level is associated with better health.        

Essay topics on medical research

34. Should cloning/genetic engineering research be allowed? Review of credible sources on the topic. 

35. Can medical research pose threat? If yes, what are the ways to mitigate it?

36. Should scientists work to make computers displace doctors? What can be the potential benefits/drawbacks?

37. Can animals be used to test drugs?

38. Should there be any limits to medical tests on humans?

39. Should more funding be allocated to practical research projects, which provide direct medical help to individuals, or National Institute of Health dealing mostly with projects without immediate practical application?

40. Should scientists research options for people to become immortal? (Kurzweil manufactures and takes himself hundreds of pills to delay ageing and claims people will become virtually immortal soon).

41. If research was able to provide a solution to one healthcare issue, what should it be? (a cure from cancer, AIDS, infertility, creation of organs from artificial materials/with the help of cloning, etc.)

Philosophy and Ethics Essay Topics

Here are some interesting philosophy paper topics and ethics essay topics for you. These topics are rather general and are not meant for students majoring in philosophy. Philosophy paper topics may be also created by choosing a theory or a philosopher and asking how justified its/his ideas are. Likewise, you may investigate any human practice from the viewpoint of how ethical it is, thus creating an ethics essay topic.  You can also take the historical perspective and claim that particular philosophical or ethical belief or conviction had rather positive or negative effect on its time.

1. Are people good or evil by nature?

2. Does free will exist? Should the notion of free will be reconsidered? Review of credible sources on the topic. 

3. Does the belief in God changes a person?

4. Is science compatible/incompatible with religion? (Consider creation and evolution in particular)

5. Argue for or against the utilitarianism.

6. Argue for or against psychological/ethical egoism.

7. Are morals relative to culture?

8. Do moral facts exist?

9. Should philosophers be invited to consider the future of development of technology?

10. Do moral rules enslave people? Can people violate moral rules to achieve a common good? Critically evaluate Machiavelli’s ideas.

11. What theory explaining the drivers of human behavior is the most convincing?

12. Is morality related to the level of education of a person?

13. The research shows people have inborn capacities, which largely determine educational attainment. Should this affect the educational system? Does this justify a class system?

14. Should genetic engineering humans be legal? Review of credible sources on the topic. 

15. Should euthanasia be legal?

16. Should abortion be legal?       

17. Can capital punishment be legal? Should a convict be allowed to decide whether to serve a life sentence or accept a death penalty?

18. Should personal use of drugs be legal?

19. Can mass surveillance be justified? Review of credible sources on the topic. 

20. Is cloning ethically permissible?

21. Is there a moral obligation to be honest?

22. Is it ethical to use drugs enhancing cognition? Is it compatible with the use of steroids in sports?

23. Can charity be considered a moral obligation? Should it be considered an obligation of the wealthy people?

24. Do developed countries have moral responsibility to address the issue of hunger in the world?

25. Do democratic states have moral right/moral obligation to overthrow/help overthrow dictatorship/eliminate oppression in some states?

26. Who should decide whether to place an elderly in the elderly center: an elderly person himself/herself, children, healthcare specialist?

27. Can a person be denied the place in the hall of fame, etc. for demonstrating low moral standards?

28. Should the wealthy countries assume responsibility for organ trafficking business in developing states? Review of credible sources on the topic. 

29. Should products manufactured with the use of child labor/in the conditions detrimental for people’s health bear a special notification?

30. Is there a moral duty to care for the environment? Should environment awareness be treated as a virtue?

31. Is it ethical to have zoos and circuses?

32. Is it ethical to use animals’ fur and skin? Should fur industry be regulated/banned overall? Should free relationships be considered immoral?

33. Is it ethical to invest into operations for pets if people in the developing countries lack basic health care?

34. Is it ethical to use embryos in genetic engineering research? Review of credible sources on the topic. 

35. Is it ethical to produce “designer babies”? Review of credible sources on the topic. 

36. Should the state consider moral aspects of the policy when implementing it? What should overweight: morality or economic benefits?

37. Should people face legal responsibility for failing on the moral rules? (Consider if it is normal that people are punished for treason but not for cheating, what consequences the refusal to help can have).

38. Should patriotism be considered a virtue?

39. Should the violent and offensive content be removed from the Internet? Who should decide what content is offensive?

40. Has feminism as a movement achieved all its goals? Is there currently an equality between sexes?

41. The ethics of feminism. Consider both the equality and freedom issues and the traditional virtues of women. Is feminism somehow opposed to religion?

42. Should white Americans hold responsibility for the disadvantaged position of the black Americans?

43. Is ageism a real thing? How should it be tackled?

44. Are the existing policies adequately protecting people from discrimination?

45. Should hate speech in the Internet be censored? Should there be legal responsibility for hate speech?

46. Should the state be allowed to censor creative work of the artists: films, exhibitions, books, etc.?

47. What is the ethics behind Bitcoin: lower costs to end users or money laundering?       

Essay Topics: Popular Practices

Writing an essay on the “topic which interests you most”? Here are some good topics to write about, as they deal with your own and society life. These essay topics will be definitely easy to relate to.  In addition, you will inform yourself on the popular arguments and will be ready to make a stand when discussing these topics with family, friends or neighbors.

1. Should people be required to take a parenting class when they are expecting a baby?

2. Is it a good idea for a father to become a stay-at-home dad?

3. Should the state fight the high divorce rate? What is the best way to do it?

4. Should adoption be open or closed (in open adoption, identities of biological parents are disclosed to adoptive parents, in a closed one – they are not)?

5. Should people face legal responsibility for abusing/abandoning pets?

6. Should zoos and circuses be banned?

7. What is the best way to encourage alternative energy use?

8. Should people be fined for not recycling?

9. Should affirmative action exits?

10. Does student’s loan create equal opportunities?       

11. Can Google turn into an evil empire?

12. Should the drinking age be lowered to 18?

13. Should the driving age be raised?

14. Does early initiation of sexual activity have negative outcomes?

15. Should violent video games be banned?

16. Does media violence promote a real one? Are media regulations justified? Should they be even stricter?

17. Should stars’ privacy be protected by the state laws?

18. Should songs’ lyrics/video clips be censored?

19. Should the state be allowed to censor creative work of the artists: films, exhibitions, books, etc.?

20. Is the effect of fraternities and sororities on students rather positive or negative?

21. Are “smoking zones” a good idea?

22. Should the state/universities/companies take delibarate actions encouraging women to pursue careers in science?

23. Should Wikipedia be considered a legitimate research resource?

24. Do companies have to be obliged to reveal the fact of outsourcing products and services? Why?

25. Can Bitcoin be a future of currency?

26. Should reporters be required to reveal their sources?    

State Policy Essay Topics

Here are some great topics on state policies. Where you have links, they lead to the review of credible sources, which you can use to write your essay (summaries and APA and MLA citations are included).

Economics essay topics

1. Does national debt poses a threat to the country? Should the government be hold responsible for increasing the national debt?

2. Should the government spend part of its budget in foreign aid?

3. Should the state spend part of its budget in space exploration? Review of credible sources on the topic. 

4. Should the rich pay a higher percentage of taxes?

5. What can increase long run economic growth? Whose role is primary here: of a state or of business?

6. What national policies can increase an economic welfare of citizens?

7. Does globalization have a positive or negative effect on the national economy?       

Justice, election and immigration laws essay topics

8. Is political compromise a good thing?

9. Should the electoral college exist?

10. Should the costs of election campaigns be capped?

11. Should prisoners be allowed to vote?

12. Should death penalty be banned?

13. Are community sentences effective in tackling crime or do they simply alternate with incarceration so that the prisons are not overcrowded?

14. What should be the state’s policy in relation to immigration? Consider both work immigrants and refugees, from Syria in particular.       

Defense and homeland security essay topics

15. What should be the policy in relation to gun carry?

16. Should the state interfere into the military conflicts of other states? In what way? In what cases?

17. Is government surveillance and intelligence community infringing on the citizens’ rights? Review of credible sources on the topic. 

18. Should intelligence be given access to social media accounts?

19. Is the role of the media in relation to security rather positive or negative?

20. Should there be laws prohibiting hate speech? Should hate speech be regulated on the Internet?

21. Does the state do enough to ensure the security of the nation? You may consider separately airports/schools/poor districts, etc.       

Heath and social care essay topics

22. Should the United States change the healthcare policy? Why?

23. Should abortion be legal?

24. Should euthanasia be legal?

25. Should genetic engineering in humans be legal? Review of credible sources on the topic. 

26. Should unconventional forms of medicine be part of a national healthcare?

27. Should marijuana be legalized?

28. Should television commercials for alcohol be banned?

29. Should there be a state regulation of fast food chains/McDonald’s/schools’ menu?

30. Should the state regulate the price of pharmaceutical products?

31. Can/should the state tackle the issue of high divorce rate?

32. Should the developed states address the human trafficking issues? How? Can opt-out donation system ease the situation? Should doctors be required to report the cases when people who are not on the national list receive a needed organ? Review of credible sources on the topic.        

 Labor and education laws essay topics

33. Should the state regulate the education fees of the colleges and universities?

34. Doe college still pays off for the individual citizens?

35. Does the state benefit from a bigger number of people receiving higher education? If yes, should higher education be (a least partly) funded by the state?

36. What should be the policy of the state in relation to class size? The two options are either to pay teachers teaching large classes more or to reduce the number of students in a class by opening new schools and classes.

37. Should immigrants be required to learn the national language?

38. Some developing countries pay a high price of its citizens’ health for the economic development. Should the developed states help and demand their suppliers from developing countries to comply with their labor laws?

39. Should taking vacations be compulsory?       

Environmental policy essay topics

40. Should the state invest into fighting against global warming/global ecological threats when there are many countries that contribute to the worsening of the situation?

41. Should the government pass laws to make fracking illegal?

42. Should people be fined for not recycling?

43. Some people claim policy concerning the cutting of trees is somehow ambiguous because it is difficult to say what is the primary need: logs to be used for paper, houses and furniture or the alive trees. What should be the policy of the state concerning deforestation?

44. Should the developed states help and demand their suppliers to comply with the European norms in relation to environment?       

These topics are rather general and are meant for the general public. Alternatively, you can write about any current political event assessing its relevance and possibly predicting its outcomes.

It is also possible to argue for the positive or negative effect from a particular policy, which was introduced in the past or has been introduced recently.

You can also investigate the political science theoriescompare various state types or critically evaluate the ideas of a particular political thinker.

Argumentative Topics about Technology 

Here are some fascinating argumentative topics about technology you would love to write about. Choose a question and read an overview of the best sources dealing with the issue.

Technology topics dealing with human-technology interaction

1. Is the use of technology changing people?

2. Is technology making people smarter or dumber? Review of credible sources on the topic. 

3. Is technology making people lazier/more dependent on it?

4. How has particular technology affected particular human practice? (Considering the past, you, for example, can look at the effects of the invention of a bulb, a printing machine, an atom bomb, etc. Considering the present times, you can argue that the Internet has transformed the way people communicate, work, do business, socialize, protest etc. and consider if this effect is rather positive or negative)

5. Is technology the opposite of nature?

6. Is it possible to say that solving one human problem technology creates another?

7. Should the developed world care about the accessibility of technology worldwide?       

Technology topics discussing the development of technology

8. Should there be any public/legal control over the development of technology?

9. Should the state invest in the development of new weapons and war technologies?

10. Should the state invest in the space studies? Review of credible sources on the topic. 

11. Should people colonize other planets? (yes, should…? not can…? Scientists say we already know we can)

12. Will the development of the Artificial Intelligence rather benefit or harm people?

13. Should cloning be allowed?

14. Should genetic engineering be allowed? Review of credible sources on the topic. 

15. Is it possible that humans will merge with technology into a Singularity?

16. Is it possible that the Technological Brave New World will be created?       

Technology and education

17. Does the use of computer/technology in class benefit the educational process?

18. Should students be allowed to use computers and tablets in classes?

19. Can online education be compatible with the traditional one?

20. Can technology solve the crises of the higher education?

21. Should students be taught typing instead of writing?

22. Should the language of coding be taught as a major?

23. Should there be any regulation of cyberbullying?

24. Should video games be used in education?       

Essay topics investigating the use of technology in medicine

25. What is the role of technology in medicine today?

26. Are cognitive computers like Watson a good idea?

27. Will computers be able to displace doctors? Will it be rather good or bad?

28. Should scientists experiment with cloning/genetic engineering for the medical purposes?

29. Should there be any limits to medical tests on humans, animals?

30. Should there be any regulation on the infertility technologies?

31. Should more funding be allocated to practical research projects, which provide direct medical help to individuals, or National Institute of Health dealing mostly with projects without immediate practical application?       

Essay topics discussing the social media

32. Has social media enriched or impoverished people’s social life?

33. How has social media affected interpersonal communication?

34. Should children and adolescents be encouraged or discouraged from having social media profiles?

35. Should social media profile be considered in a hiring process?

36. Should police and intelligence be granted access to social media profiles?

37. Should there be legal consequences for hate speech in the Internet?

38. Should schools’ and universities’ “free speech” rules apply to social media posting and activity?       

Argumentative topics about technology seem to be the most fruitful for persuasive and argumentative essays nowadays.

Why?

First of all, we live in an age when technology has penetrated all spheres of human lives and made people largely dependent on it. Its various applications have both positive and negative effects, which are really interesting to consider.

Second, considering that a boost of availability and rapid advancement of technology are rather recent phenomena, many issues are still not studied enough. It means the debates over technology are far from being resolved, so you can take up any side. It also leaves space for speculation and personal evaluation.

Last but not least, despite numerous benefits from the development and use of technology, we all should be aware of the threats it may pose. After all, we are to face its intended or unintended, beneficial or harmful consequences.

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