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Thesis Statement: Tips and Examples

A thesis statement is a necessary and (I don’t exaggerate) a central element of any essay. It is the major message of the paper and a short summary of the points it makes.

It gives a direction to the whole essay. In particular,  it is

  • supported in the body paragraphs – the reasons/supporting points included in the  statement become topic sentences further developed in the pagarphaphs;
  • restated in the conclusion –  the conclusion actually begins with a paraphrase of a thesis statement.

Thesis Statement Tips for an Argumentative Essay

A thesis statement for an argumentative essay should show your position – the claim you make regarding the controversial topic. There are three types of claims you can make:

  1. claim of fact (X happens/is true/is false)
  2. claim of value (X is bad/good)
  3. claim of policy (we/everyone/the state should/should not do X)

Mind, in most of the cases you have to avoid using personal pronouns; thus, you can’t write, “I think the Internet ruins our mind.” Instead, you write a claim you make, “the Internet ruins human mind”, and support it with several arguments.

Therefore, here are the best patterns to use:

                         Because of A, B, and C, the claim is such.

                         The claim is such as it (is) A, B, C.

Note that the reasons or the points you make should have parallel structure. For example,

The United States should refuse from capital punishment overall, as this practice is irreversible, extremely expensive for the state, and painful for the victims’ relatives.

or

Capital punishment should be forbidden as it allows killing people, whose innocence may be proven later, triggers enormous expenses, and causes suffering to the victims’ relatives due to long and repetitive trials.

Using such pattent is great, for it helps you structure your essay and add logic and coherence to it, as each supporting point becomes a topic sentence of a paragraph developing the idea. For example, the essay with on capital punishment can have three paragraphs beginning with such sentences:

1 para: There have been many cases when people, executed for a crime, were eventually proven not guilty.

2 para: The experts emphasize that capital punishment does not reduce the level of crime, so the enormous expenses associated with the trial and execution are not justified.

3 para: Furthermore, long process of conviction puts extra pressure on victims’ relatives and keeps their wounds sore.

You may also formulate a thesis statement around several aspects of the issue. For example:

Contrary to concerns, the Internet promotes both the individual intelligence and the collective intelligence of the society.

Other Types of Academic Essays

The purpose of  thesis statements is to inform the reader in one sentence what your essay wants to say. As different types of essay accomplish different missions, their thesis statements will differ. I emphasize this because students are often very much worried when they cannot use the patters mentioned above.  Consider the following types of essays and, accordingly, thesis statements’ missions and examples.

Thesis statement tips for a shool essay/ TOEFL, IELTS essay

A thesis statement for a school essay/ Toefl or ielts essay should state your opinion and present the supporting points.

Thesis statement example:  I believe it is better to live in the city because A, B, C.

Thesis statement tips for a compare and contrast essay 

A thesis statement for a compare and contrast paper has to show the actual similarities and/or differences you have found and present further.

Thesis statement example:

Though Edmund Wall and Vaughana Feary both consider harassment an unwelcome statement or conduct of a sexual character, their ideas differ in several important points, which makes the scholars view cases of (possible) sexual harassment differently.

Thesis statement tips for a rhetorical analysis

A thesis statement for a rhetorical analysis should state whether the analyzed article is effective or not and why.

Thesis statement example:

The author managed to build a persuasive argument in favor of … due to the effective use of Ethos, Logos and Pathos.

Thesis statement tips for an essay – analysis of a poem, a short story, an article

Your thesis statement should explain what the text communicates and how, what supporting points author uses in his argument.

Thesis statement examples:

The poem … creates a vivid image of war due to A, B, C (e.g. the use of metaphors, alliteration, etc.)

In the article …, Author creates an effective argument against the use of technology at school. 

Thesis statement tips for a response paper

A thesis statement for a response paper should give your evaluation of the source, indicate its core strength and weaknesses.

Thesis statement examples:

I consider the article by … to be biased and based on unsupported generalizations.

The chapter … gives a very good insight of …

Thesis statement tips for a literature review

A thesis statement for a literature review should provide a conclusion you make having done a literature review.

Thesis statement examples:

Despite the long history of enquire into the effect of TV viewing on children, the topic remains controversial.

According to research, parental divorce has a particularly negative impact on children.  

Thesis statement tips or a problem and solution essay

A thesis statement for the problem and solution essay has to state what solution is best to the problem you consider.

Thesis statement example:

Investing into the healthcare of developing nations is the most humane and effective way to tackle overpopulation

Thesis statement tips for a cause and effect essay

A thesis statment for a cause and effect essay should either identify the cause for a particular effect or an effect for a particular cause.

Thesis statement examples:

A growing rate of divorces is the consequence of A, B, C (changing society values, poor communication skills, unrealistic expectations of marriage, etc.).

Bulling has multiple long-term effects such as A, B, C (lower self-esteem, inability to trust people, etc.)

Place and Length

A thesis statement usually appears at the end of an introduction and is usually one sentence.

When you are allowed or expected to be creative, you may violate this rule and finish with something emphatic. Consider the following example. Here, a thesis statement is a last but one sentence so that an introduction finishes with an emphatic direct quotation:

Though there are theories of the future, where the humans benefit from the merge with robots, the prospects of humans to be the governing force in this new form of life are rather doom. As Lev Grossman puts it, “You don’t have to be a super-intelligent cyborg to understand that introducing a superior life-form into your own biosphere is a basic Darwinian error”.

You can also place a roadmap for the paper at the end of the first paragraph.

A roadmap is a description of what the paper will consider; it is a short plan of the paper, which helps the reader not to get lost. It is usually included only in longer works with several sections or even chapters.

NB: Do not confuse a thesis statement with a roadmap for an essay!

A roadmap may look like this,

Chapter 1 will be devoted to … Chapter 2 will look into … Therefore, Chapter 3 will consider … A Conclusion will …

This paper will look into the effect of the Internet on people’s mind” is neither a thesis nor a roadmap. Forget such pattern once and for all!

In a better case, if the paper was meant to investigate the debate over the effect of the Internet, the statement will be considered a weak thesis statement. However, if you had to write an argumentative essay, you can get F (yes, Fail) because the main purpose of an argumentative essay is to argue and make a claim.

Please, note that editing pressuposes adding or revision of your thesis statement and proofreading and grading involve a commentary/recommendation  concerning the appropriateness and strength of your thesis statement, so ordering these services from Make a Stand will free you from concerns and will help you make the most of your essay.

Read also

A Webinar on How to Write Quality Academic Essays

Steps to Develop Academic Writing Skills

Summarizing, Paraphrasing, and Quoting

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